Read about the definition of social entrepreneurship on the welcome page of the Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship homepage of the Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship website.

The Knowledge Center of the Center for the Advancement of Social Entrepreneurship (CASE) at Duke’s Fuqua School of Business includes several CASE publications on the concept and process of social entrepreneurship, including Prof. Greg Dees’s seminal essay, “The Meaning of Social Entrepreneurship”, one of the most widely cited definitions of social entrepreneurship.

“Social Entrepreneurship: The Case for Definition,” by Roger L. Martin & Sally Osberg, Stanford Social Innovation Review, Spring 2007

News Sites, Features, and Opinions from the field of SE

Suggested Readings on Social Innovation and Social Entrepreneurship

  • Stanford Social Innovation Review is a journal that seeks to share substantive insights and practical experiences that will help those who do the important work of improving society do it even better.
  • Innovations, published by MIT Press Journals, focuses on entrepreneurial solutions to global challenges. The journal features cases authored by exceptional innovators; commentary and research from leading academics; and essays from globally recognized executives and political leaders.
  • Fast Company magazine regularly includes articles on social entrepreneurship, sustainability, and corporate social entrepreneurship.
  • GOOD magazine is an integrated media platform for people who want to live well and do good. GOOD is a collaboration effort among the people, businesses, and NGOs moving the world forward.
  • NEED magazine is an educational, artistic and hope-filled publication focusing on life changing humanitarian efforts at home and abroad.
  • “So You Want to Start a Social Enterprise” from New York Lawyers for the Public Interest is a community guide worth reading.
  • “Prototyping Framework: A Guide to Prototyping New Ideas” developed and published in 2013 by NESTA and thinkpublic

Leading Organizations & Networks


Duke Social Entrepreneurs

Click here to view a list of Duke student and alumni social entrepreneurs and read selected profiles.

Join the social entrepreneurs subgroup of the Duke Global Entrepreneurship Network (DukeGEN) on LinkedIn (open to members of the Duke community).


Videos of Social Entrepreneurs

Watch videos of social entrepreneurs and other inspiring speakers on the following websites:

Designing & Launching Social Ventures



Business Models

The Business Model Canvas is a strategic management and entrepreneurship tool that allows you to describe, design, challenge, invent and pivot your business model.
See helpful variants of the business model canvas for social entrepreneurs:


Collections of Links to other online funding platforms

Scaling Social Impact

  • The Center for the Advancement of Social Entrepreneurship (CASE) at Duke’s Fuqua School of Business has produced a number of publications on scaling social impact, and has gathered other resources here.
  • The Social Impact Exchange, co-founded by the Center for the Advancement of Social Entrepreneurship (CASE) at Duke’s Fuqua School of Business, has curated extensive collection of resources on scaling and related topics
  • Grantmakers for Effective Organizations “Scaling What Works” project includes a section on resources.

Durham Social Enterprises

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